UNHRC

FOSCAMUN 2016 RESOLUTIONS

TOPIC A

Foscamun 2016, 27th February

UNHRC Committee

Topic A: promoting and protecting the human rights of all migrants in transit

Sponsors : USA , Germany and France

Signatories: Austria, Brazil, Egypt, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, People’s Republic of China, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom.

  • Considering the very large influx of migrants in several parts of the globe and the violations of human rights during the transit and the arrival of migrants;
  • Taking into account the conditions  migrants transit and live in and the frequent disrespect and violation of human rights;
  • Remembering the integration issues migrants face in accepting countries;
  • Noticing the frequent reluctance of countries to welcome migrants;
  • Considering the economical problems affecting the developing countries;
  • According to economic possibilities of developing countries and in order to ensure economic support

UNHRC proposes:

1) The creation of an international institute as an extension to the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees’ services by:

  • Strengthening the focus on the migration over the Mediterranean Sea
  • Improving the possibility of access to its services
  • Enhancing cooperation among all parties involved

2) The improvement of border security on Europe’s outside borders by:

  • Keeping a list of every migrant that crosses European borders and providing a profile for them which includes information such a economic status, gender, age, country of origin , destination country , pull factors;
  • Promoting specific laws against human trafficking and smugglers with stricter sanctions;
  • Acquiring more authority staff.

3) The institution of an international Agency which will:

  • Take care of migrants before during and after the transit;
  • Institute a minimum quote for every country, considering their economic position and civil wars and other types of troubles which will rule out the country to pay the minimum tax until the situation stabilizes;
  • Provide migrant centers with basic services such as food , shelter and healthcare;
  • Create migrant centers with staff that could complete a background check;
  • Verify the education and integration of children as well as adults, in order to ensure a good acceptance;
  • Supply migrants with an identity card;

4) To develop a redistribution project which is a duty the agency is taking care of. This project allows both the migrant and the accepting country to have benefits by migration;

5) To provide integration courses which include the learning of the local language , laws and behavior:

  • Working permit to complete simple society benefitting tasks shall be provided for migrants able to work.
  • All migrants will be helped in looking for an employment in order to have full right of dignity.
  • In order to have access to citizenship , migrants will not break accepting country law

6) To give the possibility to all unaccompanied minors to join their own families: if they do not have a family they will be provided of foster care. Lastly, all migrant children will be provided with psychological help, security and assistance.

TOPIC B

UNHRC Committee

  • Alarmed by the increasing air pollution, along with deforestation, desertification and water scarcity;
  • Bearing in mind the gradual global warming due to greenhouse gases emission;
  • Intenting to prevent the wars that could bear over basic needs;
  • Taking into account the fact that the ‘environmental refugee’ status is not recognised by the United Nations (UN) and international law;
  • Underlining the enormous potential of renewable energy, that could drastically reduce or eventually stop the rate at which the globe is heating up;
  • Aware that global warming may have direct consequences on basic Human Rights;
  • Remembering the agreement made in Paris in 2015, which set goals that every partecipating country had to meet;
  • Continuing to consider the issues of displacement, migration and plan-relocation;

 

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) proposes:

  • To reduce air pollution by cutting coal, oil and gas uses;
  • To invest and promote renewable energy by:
  1. i) moving away from fossil fuels to start a green renewable energy revolution;
  2. ii) imposing a quota on the amount of fossil fuel that countries use;

iii) installing photovoltic solar panels on roofs or house or solar farm or schools;

  1. iv) installing turbines to collect wind energy, preferrably in windy areas;
  • Environmental refugees shall be recognised by UN and, in addition, be included in the refugee agency program to make sure they are equally treated compared to other refugees;
  • Environmental refugee shall be defined as a person who has a well-founded fear that his/hers everyday surroundings will be uninhabitable due to uncontrollable acts of nature or climate changes;
  • To reinforce the economical support to the Red Cross organization to make sure that emergency responses to natural -and environmental- disasters are increased and made more efficient. Affected people shall be treated with basic supplies to survive in the closest temporary shelter possible to their original country until their situation has been stabilized;
  • To conduct a sensibilization to climate change and therefore educate people to understand the causes and ways to prevent it by the following means;
  1. i) leading a campaign in schools and the work place in order to educate youth and adults to eco-friendliness and the effects of climate-change;
  2. ii) if there are no schools in the area, make sure local authorities properly inform the population;
  • To finance the research on more solutions for the fight against climate-change by creating an international organization that involves experts from all over the globe.

 

Sponsors: United States of America; People’s Republic of China; Tunisia.

 

Signatories: Germany; Spain; Syria; Morocco; France; Turkey; Egypt; Austria; Brazil; Italy; Netherlands; United Kingdom; Mexico.