UNEP

FOSCAMUN 2016 RESOLUTIONS

TOPIC A

Sponsors: Brazil, People´s Republic of China and USA
Signatures: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New
Zealand, Nigeria, South Africa and Sweden
Topic A: Protecting the oceans and their ecosystems from human activities such as
overfishing and seabed mining
Reminding all nations of the importance of protecting the oceans and their ecosystems,
since they cover 70 percent of the earth´s surface;
Reaffirming the role that oceans play in human life and global economies;
Noting with satisfaction the past efforts of nations;
Stressing the fact that we are in need of reforming fisheries and seabed mining structures,
the United Nations Environment Programme Committee:
1. Encourages the strengthening of international laws in relation to the ocean and its
resources.
2. Requests the creation of more or new marine protected areas.
3. Stresses the importance of mapping the marine territory with satellites and GPSs on
boats.
4. Calls for the need of more coast guards roaming the areas that are most affected.
OVERFISHING
1. Urges the need of taxation in case of illegal overfishing and the losing of the fishing
license after the second warning.
2. Stresses the importance of raising awareness and preaching the information in schools
or through all types of media.
3. Encourages the cooperation with WWF and CITES.
4. Calls for sustainable aquaculture and classification of species.
5. Requests the limitation of the number of boats fishing in certain area in order to reduce
noise pollution and the exploitation of species.
6. Urges the introduction of a fishing license for selling fish to distinguish commercial and
private fishing.
7. Stresses the importance of controlling the prevention for invasive species.
8. Calls for a checkpoint at the entrance of harbors to regulate the amount of fish they are
catching.
SEABED MINING AND OIL EXTRACTION
1. Calls for the increasing of the use of renewable energy.
2. Requests the support of mineral recycling programs in order to reduce the mining.
3. Stresses the introduction of the mining code.
4. Introduces a common fund with the following criteria: the developed countries will give
three percent of their income to a common fund which will be split between the developing
countries, in relation to the percent that effects their income, that rely the most on minerals
for their country´s economies. This fund will be in model of a trust fund. In the duration of
ten or twenty years they will begin to put the money back into the fund in small increments,
to eventually pay back the donors anonymously. Those developing countries should use
the money only for replacing the money gap coming from the lack of income coming from
minerals.
5. Connected to the common fund, a five year rotation will be set in place. Specific
endangered areas will be selected not to be mined permitting their restoration.

TOPIC B

Sponsors: Sweden, Nigeria and Australia
Signatures: Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New
Zealand, People’s Republic of China, South Africa, United Kingdom and United States of
America
Topic B: Encouraging the sound management of chemicals and hazardous waste
Reminding all nations of the importance of the sound management of hazardous waste.
Reaffirming that the nation’s are working towards the sound management of hazardous
waste. Noting with satisfaction the past efforts of various relevant UN bodies and
nongovernmental organizations.
Stressing the fact that the United Nations faces significant obstacles and is in need of
reform.
1. Encourages the increase of recycling programs and the lowering of taxes for these very
programs.
2. Stresses in particular the importance of labeling hazardous waste before it is dumped
into specific areas.
3. Urges the need of establishing specific areas for hazardous waste.
4. Calls for the creation of purification systems in rivers.
5. Requests the sending of commissions of experts to places where POPs are often found
illegally.
6. Encourages the decrease of the use of aggressive pesticides and fertilisers.
7. Urges the need of raising awareness in schools and through media, in particular about
the disposal of electronic devices and batteries.
8. Stresses the importance of land farming.
9. Calls for the use of biodegradable materials and also decrease the use of plastic.
10. Requests the control of waste at the borders and tax them.
11. Encourages cooperation with NGOs.
12. Urges the monitoring of companies and tax them if they practice illegal dumping.
13. Increases scientific studies to learn more about waste disposal.
14. Calls for the creation of new laws and strengthening the existing laws.
15. Requests that greenhouse gases be reduced.
16. Urges the increase of controls and coast guards.
17. Encourages the Nigeria plan for medical waste.
18. Requests that the minimum amount of cars in city centers and create a bicycle local
system.
19. Calls for the green economy.
NUCLEAR
1. Increasing controls of the nuclear energy.
2. Decrease the nuclear energy by 1.5% in a period of 3 years, if the country has nuclear
energy over 20% of all the country’s energy.
3. Requests not to increase nuclear energy after it has gone down.
4. Urges creation for an international organization to ensure that the countries follow
through with the necessary decrease.
5. Allows countries to finish building the nuclear plants that have already been started.