UNEP

FOSCAMUN 2015 RESOLUTIONS

TOPIC A
The United Nations Environment Programme Committee, having examined the dangerous and lucrative illegal animal and plant trade, believing that this issue needs to be stopped with all due haste, reconfirming the efforts of the United Nations against this illegal trade, emphasizing that stopping this trade will help to make countries safer, conscious that multilateral action is needed to effectively address the problem:

A) Encourages countries apart of the U.N to educate their citizens about the dangerous animal and plant trade;
B) Encourages countries to embrace eco-tourism and teach their citizens about sustainable environmental choices;
C) Declares that CITES countries will now have the power to enforce certain penalties as described below based on the system and classification already employed by CITES countries (Red List classification)

a) The classification is as follows:
Tier 1: Least Concern: 10,000 USD or 2 years of prison per animal or plant in this classification.
Tier 2: Near Threatened: 100,000 USD or 10 years of prison per animal or plant in this classification.
Tier 3: Vulnerable: 1,000,000 USD or 25 years of prison per animal or plant in this classification.
Tier 4: Endangered: 10,000,000 USD or 50 years of prison per animal or plant in this classification.
Tier 5: Critically Endangered: 100,000,000 USD or a life sentence in prison per animal or plant in this classification.
b) If a trafficker is caught, their items will be catalogued and countries are required to adhere to these guidelines, and these guidelines only.
c) Half of the money claimed from these fines will be kept by the country who caught the trafficker to be used as it sees fit so as to motivate countries to enforce these guidelines. The other half of the money will be given to U.N approved NGO’s that are committed to fighting animal and plant trafficking.
d) Any person caught with contraband goods will be required to attend classes provided by the country of imprisonment regarding the harmful effects of the animal trade

D) Further Proclaims that all traffickers who have been caught will be processed through an international tribunal court with the hope that they will cooperate with the courts for a reduced sentence in exchange for a reduced sentence as the court sees fit;
E) Considers the economic concept that a decrease in demand will decrease the price of a good and because of that fact, declares that people found with contraband goods will be classified into the same tiered system as the traffickers as stated previously.

a) If the consumer is only found with a certain part of an animal such as a tusk of ivory, it will still be considered as owning an entire animal or plant.

F) Hopes that the HCLP and other countries apart of the United Nations will provide funding to NGOs that have been approved by the U.N that are dedicated to fighting animal and plant trafficking;
G) Declares that all contraband goods pertaining to the illegal plant and animal trade found in any port of entry into a respective country be handed immediately over to the United Nations to be destroyed;
H) Reinforces the goal of the U.N to stop corruption in governments of all countries;
I) Warns other countries that there will be harsh economic sanctions to countries who continue to export animals and plants that are classified under the Red List system;
J) Declares that any animals that are still living upon being seized from the respective trafficker will be given to willing countries that have the capabilities to care for these animals;
K) Encourages all countries to educate citizens who would be potential buyers under the following guidelines.

a) Recognises the difficulty in ascertaining the provenance and legality of wild animals and products listed for sale online, especially from overseas sellers. Exercises caution and doubt.
b) If considering a purchase, at a minimum, ensure that the site where the good is being sold offers valid proof of the legality of the sale of the certain product.
c) Report websites that do not provide significant legal proof so that the country may take action against the respective seller of the good.

L) Declares that people caught possessing, or selling plants classified as being an endemic or invasive species will have to suffer the same consequences proportional to the effect that the species would cause. The punishment will be decided by an international court based on the severity of the crime.
M) Repeat offenders who have been caught will automatically receive 5 extra years of an un-negotiable prison sentence.

SPONSORS:
Tanzania, Italy, Russian Federation.

SIGNATORIES:
Japan, Indonesia, Ecuador, New Zealand, South Africa, United States of America, Myanmar, Thailand, Australia.

TOPIC B
The United Nations Environmental Programme conscious of how fragile different environments can be, aware that many of these environments are affected by natural and man-made disasters, realizing that decisive action needs to be taken quickly, desiring that countries work cooperatively to help all countries in need:

A) Encourages countries to continue to voluntarily donate aid to countries that are suffering from a natural or man-made disaster.

B) Requests that all countries who are members of the United Nations yearly gives 0.1 per cent or more of all of its collected tax revenue into a global relief fund.

a) This fund will be controlled by the U.N and not by individual countries.
b) Half of this fund will be set aside for natural disasters and the other half will be set aside for man-made disasters.
c) The U.N appropriations committee will decide how much money should be allocated to a country when considering a natural disaster.
d) This money will be given to the UNDAC who will then deploy into the country of need.
e) The money that will be given regarding man-made disasters will be allocated by a committee described in section 3.

C) Declares that a committee will be made up of ambassadors from countries apart of the U.N that decides how much money to appropriate in aid to countries who have suffered a man-made disaster. The guidelines for their decisions as to how the money should be allocated is as follows.

a) Whether the disaster could have been easily prevented.
b) The ease of access and infrastructure of the respective country.
c) The effectiveness of the countries government.
d) Whether the disaster was a long-term or short-term disaster.
e) The number of species affected.
f) The degree by which the species were affected.
g) Whether there were any endangered species affected.

D) Designates that all left over funds at the end of the year will be divided as follows.

a) Half of the funds will go back into the fund for the next year.
b) One fourth will be given to countries that can express a need for the money to increase prevention tactics of man made disasters.
c) One fourth will be given to countries that have shown the most progress in reducing their carbon footprint and increasing overall safety.
d) The decision as to which country will receive aid will be decided by the committee created in section 3.

SPONSORS:
Tanzania, Japan.

SIGNATORIES:
Ecuador, Brazil, Thailand, United States of America, Russian Federation, Italy, South Africa, Indonesia, Kenya.