The Disarmament and International Security Council (DISC) in the first Foscarini Model United Nations has peacefully found determining resolutions concerning the two topics we dealt with during the debate:
For what concerns TOPIC A the United Nations Disarmament and International Security Council:
A) Encourages the United States and United Kingdom to lift the current embargo until Assad is proved not to be using chemical weapons against the citizens;
B) Ensures that the conflict must be solved through diplomacy, and neither through intervention, nor international war;
C) Recognises that it is a citizens’ assignment to settle the internal conflict; it is DISC’s assignment to ensure the safety of these citizens;
D) Claims that the best way to keep international peace is by allowing the current Shi’ite government to remain in power;
E) Promises to provide further equipment in order to help the OPCW remove chemical weapons from Syria by June 30th 2015;
F) Agrees to help supervise conflicts between Syria and Israel and encourages cease-fire.
For what concerns TOPIC B the UN’s Disarmament and International Security Council, after a democratic vote among its members, decided to:
A) State that the military intervention, even UN’s one, will be the last resource, used only in case any other diplomatic means have failed. The decision must anyway have the approval of the United Nations Security Council;
B) Encourage the UN to a strict supervision, in order to verify that economic and humanitarian aids are not being stolen by external organizations and therefore used correctly. Furthermore, it is necessary to know where the funds come from and which governmental organ should be addressed;
C) Ascertain that the countries that are part of the Middle East fight against terrorism within its borders, without infringing other countries’ sovereignty or other citizens’ rights;
D) Reunite as soon as possible to decide on a clear point when to start or to stop foreign economical and humanitarian helps, in order to allow the local democratic and legitimate government to become completely independent during the process of fighting terrorism. In any case, measures are always to be taken in order to avoid that economical and humanitarian helps become military interventions;
E) Encourage the dialogue between the UN and any country where a UN’s peacekeeping project is being discussed, in order to either reduce or, possibly, avoid the use of force;
F) Condemn terrorism as a means of protest and internal affair resolution. The Council also fosters a discussion for a possible action when:
– the safety of any party inside a UN state member is in danger;
– the structure of a stable government is threatened by terrorism;
– the use of chemical and nuclear weapons is reported by UN sources within a specific party;
G) Verify that no civilians are being injured neither in the aid process nor during peace.
The debate was rather peaceful, no major difference emerged among the various countries’ stances. Sustainable development was the first subject to be tackled. After tabling a number of proposals, the delegates drafted two possible resolutions, they then realized there were no major differences and came up with a single document combining the items included in the two draft resolutions basically all for sustainable development .
During the second day of Foscamun, the resolution was adopted unanimously. The impact of major infrastructures was the second subject to be tackled. Before the end of the MUN Conference, the delegates contributed to the general debate and started working on possible resolutions based on the widespread agree- ment reached.
Through simple caucuses all the delegates have been able to come to a resolution paper that brilliantly included everyone’s proposal. The debate, then, moved on to the discussion of the next topic, that was HIV and gender inequalities, and thanks to the inspiring collaboration of the delegations of Holy See, South Africa, Canada, UK, France and US, the debate was kept interesting and passionate.
According to the principles stated in the Universal Human Rights Declaration, accepting the moral values that moved each country a unique resolution and hoping that this document will effectively improve LGBT’S rights situation in Russia, all the delegations expressed their satisfaction towards the most conservative country which have truly cooperated to reach a compromise.
Regarding TOPIC A after a lively debate, many countries have come together to write some proposals considering that migration is increasing, causing many problems in Europe, both financial and structural.
The main issues identified by the delegates are as follows:
A) Promoting the creation of a subcommittee of WHO focusing on medical training;
B) Setting up an International fund managed by the WHO, to be financed by an annual contribution from member countries;
C) Increasing border security and control and eventually granting identification documents to migrants, while identifying irregular immigrants.